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Those Dreadful State Vehicle Inspections

tidestertidester Posts: 10,110
How do I make sure my vehicle will pass an inspection? What are the requirements? Who do I go to? What if my vehicle doesn't pass inspection? How much should I pay?

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  • Well like you said it is a STATE inspection so every state is different. In Maine it covers all lights, suspension, exhaust, tires, brakes, basically important safety items are the biggest things. Some other states also require emission testing, and others also require a computerized test on 96 and newer vehicles. best to visit your Motor Vehicle website for your state for the complete list of requirement. Also on that website you should be given the cost which is usually a set price and places where you can have it done at. If you fail you will be given a list of things that need to be completed, you may have the work done at that facility or done where ever you prefer, just like a normal repair.

    The best way I can suggest you take care of this is take the required test by your state and then you dont have to worry about you vehicle failing the State Inspection. jk
  • tidestertidester Posts: 10,110
    Hi, Duncan.

    Actually, someone in the Forums Discussion Finder wanted to know where to post about a question concerning the NJ state inspection. Since we didn't have any relevant topics I set this one up and rather than creating one for each of 50 states ... well you get the idea!

    She hasn't found her way here yet but I'll be interested in reading what her question is!

    tidester, host
  • :mad: Here in the northern part of Delaware the air pollution has become so bad the federal government has told the county clean up the air or lose funds for road building.

    So now instead of the normal tail pipe test to check emissions , they now want to check the Obd 11 , which checks your car's computer,and if you've had recent work on your car, such as the 2ND replacement (under warrenty) of the O2 sensors, or had a battery installed, it can interfere with the test, and the state won't pass you regardless if you have perfect brakes/lights etc. I went to Castle Hyundai, the car dealer, explained this to them, they said you have to drive the car around awhile for the computer codes to reset, enabling the state inspection to pass you. Until then certain codes cannot be read ny DMV. I ask what is the fix so I can pass. They told me to drive a few hundred more miles MORE because the 2002 sonata has a quirk that way, what a load of b/s.I'm thinking.

    I've drived close to 800 miles since the work was done three weeks ago. Is this guy correct or should I go back to the dealer and have them fix/reset the computer so I am not sitting in line at the DMV and wasting my time ?
  • tidestertidester Posts: 10,110
    That doesn't make any sense to me either. Can you try a different inspector?

    tidester, host
  • What you are being told is accurate. You cannot unhook your battery to clear any trouble codes and then go to your friendly inspector to pass an OBD check. The computer in the system keeps track of this and you will automatically show up as not ready for inspection. The only way to remedy this is to drive the car for however long it takes for the OBD computer to accrue enough information so that your car shows itself ready. The distance differs from brand to brand depending on the design of the diagnostic system. FYI I am the assitant director of a state air pollution control agency.
  • tidestertidester Posts: 10,110
    Thanks for the clarification. It sounds to me like the state lacks confidence in the accuracy of its emissions tests and presumes "guilt" on the part of the car owner if OBD has been reset - for any reason.

    tidester, host
  • ray80ray80 Posts: 1,233
    Hhmm actually I think the state is operating under federal clean air guidelines for inspections which may indicate vehicle must be in ready state.
  • tidestertidester Posts: 10,110
    vehicle must be in ready state

    I'm just not seeing the logic. At the time of inspection, either the car's emissions are within requirements or they are not. The state of the OBD should have no bearing on that. But then no one said federal guidelines need to be logical.

    tidester, host
  • ray80ray80 Posts: 1,233
    Oh I see where your coming from, but I believe the states mentioned (like here in CT) don't actually test the product coming out of rear on 96' or newer vehicles, what they check is what OBDII has to say, not what tailpipe spits out. That is where the 'not ready' comes into play, whatever checks OBDII does (multiple checks and over an extended time). in thisa case not enough of those multiple checks have run long enough after the repair to make vehicle ready
  • tidestertidester Posts: 10,110
    don't actually test the product coming out of rear on 96' or newer vehicles

    That would explain it! I suppose it would reduce overall costs while placing a substantial burden on those with faulty computers - or battery problems.

    tidester, host
  • Ray, You are correct. If the computer in the car shows not ready, the test cannot be performed because the inspection computer is programmed to kick out a not ready message. In my state, if an inspection station is caught falsifying test results their inspection license will be pulled.
    The requirements for these tests are in federal regulation. These tests actually do help keep the air cleaner and can also let you know before some potential failures happen. The old tailpipe tests could only find a problem after an equipment failure had occurred.
  • :mad: -it's all about the money- The state/county governemt allowed MORE/MORE and MORE homes/industrial parks/chemical facilities to do as they may, after so many years the air became so polluted the federal goverment/epa said clean up your air or else, no more highways funds, They even tried adding addtional turn lanes at stop lights so there would be less stalling and emissions, I do not blame the EPA. The fault lays with those who allowed this to occur, the government in Dover,the most secretive body in all 50 states.
  • You do realize, I hope that vehicle miles traveled(VMT) has tripled in the northeast in the past 30 years? So even though individual cars are cleaner than before, mobile sources are now more than half of the emission inventory nationwide. While government can, and does, control both the rate and total emissions of the stationary source sector there are no similar controls on the total emissions from the mobile sector(escalating VMT) The bottom line is that vehicle inspections are not a sinister plot, but a necessary part of the program to make your air healthful to breathe.
  • bobstbobst Posts: 1,783
    The problem is the OBD reading in the car is often not correct.

    I have read many stories about people having their check engine light come on. The OBD identifies a problem, they spend hundreds of dollars to fix that problem, and then the light come on again. Some people claim they have spent $2000 or more but the light keeps coming on.

    In my opinion, the OBD reading cannot be trusted and it is causing car owners to waste a lot of money.
  • dtownfbdtownfb Posts: 2,915
    The ODB only tells you the code based on a sensor failing. It is accurate. The issue is many mechanics like to "throw parts" at a vehicle instead of diagnosing the problem. Some times it takes time to find out the true cause of the problem and it requires a certain condition that is not repeatable in a simple 5 minute, around the block test drive.

    Computers don't lie, people do.
  • geo9geo9 Posts: 739
    In the late 80s Fla. did away with its yearly auto inspections (which were done by a state/county agency).
    Within a year there was quite a few rattletraps running
    around...............

    Scary !
  • Can anyone provide a little more info along these lines? My wife and I are going crazy because three ready monitors on our 2000 Saturn SL2 have been "not ready" for the last 6 weeks. (We live in Chicago by the way.) We've been to three diff. mechanics. All advised us to drive the car until the monitors reset. We've now driven more than 1200 miles in all different road conditions. The last mechanic we saw, in an EPA recommended garage with a 100 percent success rate in this area, told my wife there was basically nothing wrong with the car (he said we'd gone through 6 drive cycles since the problem began) but computer was reporting something was wrong -- and that it would cost "hundreds and hundreds" of dollars to repair the computer. His advice was to "beg" the EPA to allow us to pass. Another mechanic friend suggested getting the computer flushed at a dealer, but I'm told that will switch all the monitors to "not ready"...and a third mechanic says a flush isn't the answer because the "engine trouble" light isn't on... Any thoughts about something we might be missing? I'm at my wits end here... Many thanks for any help.
  • Just purchased an used 2006 SUV from a type of car purchasing service. I have very little technical knowledge about cars, so please bear with me. Here's a bit more about the car:

    - Bought at a PA auction by the NY car purchasing service, so NY service took title from PA auction place
    - sold car to us and we registered it in NJ (where we live)
    - 2006 Land Rover LR3, apprx 12,000 miles at time of auction

    Anyway, I took it to my local (New Jersey) Dept. of Motor Vehicles for inspection and it failed the emissions part. Reason was DMV system was unable to read the OBD (On-Board Diagnostic system) of the vehicle, so according to DMV the vehicle's system is not ready to determine the status of the pollution control system. Spoke to Land Rover claims that this happens because the DMV cannot read the OBD because it is an "CAN enabled system" and that I need to have the DMV give me permission to let L/Rover's state qualified emissions technician provide a written statement that the vehicle's emissions system is OK and have the DMV accept this as proof enough to get the inspection sticker. In other words, the DMV's system will continue to be unable to read the OBD on the vehicle, but DMV will give me a passing grade any way because the dealer's techician says the car is OK. Also L/Rover says this is only a problem (that he knows of) with this particular model year and model. I had the L/Rover service dept test the vehicle twice and according to them everything looks good (after recharging the battery and rerunning the vehicle through all the codes).
    Do you guys have any ideas on how to handle this? I'm concerned about having a vehicle that has to get DMV clearance in this offline roundabout way, instead of the straightforward way I'm used to on previous cars. I much prefer to have the DMV plug in and be able to clear the car as usual. I'm also concerned in having to do this every year (annual inspection). How will I know that in some year in the future, the DMV won't tell me this is unacceptable and I'm stuck with a useless vehicle because it won't clear inspection.

    Should I keep going with this vehicle or proceed as if it is a lemon? Please help. Thanks.

    p.s. - I have also been told that sometimes the issue I'm having has to do with a battery being disconnected and that if I drive the car around for a bit (a week or so), that would give the car a chance to 're-learn' what it needs to clear all of these so-called codes. I guess I'm concerned about what to do if it fails again even after I do the drive-around. Thanks again.
  • joel0622joel0622 Posts: 3,302
    Should I keep going with this vehicle or proceed as if it is a lemon? Please help. Thanks.


    Your car is not a :lemon: your states inspection equipment is.

    Sounds to me like the only choice you have is to sell it. Does the dealer charge you for the letter? If not its no big deal, when you get you oil changed close to renewal time ask them to do the test. It actually sounds allot more convenient then sitting in line at a state inspection station
  • geo9geo9 Posts: 739
    Its a 2006 with 12k miles correct????????????

    If so the mfr. HAS to warranty it will pass ALL Fed emission
    tests for 5yrs. 100k miles???? right?

    I would be at that dealer and having a talk with the
    service mgr. pronto !!!!!!!!!!!!!!

    But yet again its a land rover !
    They are one piss poor vehicle.............
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